Chief Justice: 2024 PHPU Petitions Increase

Chief Justice Suhartoyo giving statement in front of the media, Sunday (24/03) at the Constitutional Court. Photo PR/Ifa.

JAKARTA (MKRI) —  Chief Justice of the Constitutional Court (MK) Suhartoyo announced that the number of 2024 general election dispute (PHPU) cases surpassed those in 2019, encompassing both PHPU for President and Vice President (PHPU President) and PHPU for Legislative Members.As of Sunday, March 24, 2024, at 17:05 WIB, the provisional count of PHPU petitions in 2024 stands at 273 cases.

“In terms of numbers, it is more compare to the last one (2019). Previously it was 262, this prediction could be more.”, Chief Justice Suhartoyo informed the media crew at Building 1 of the Constitutional Court in Jakarta ,Sunday, March 24, 2024.

Chief Justice Suhartoyo revealed the number of PHPU petitions that will be PHPU cases in 2024 remains subject to change as officers continue to verify incoming petition dossiers. Upon verification, petition filing certificate (AP3) is issued to the petitioner. Subsequently, officers input the petition on the page based on the issued AP3. For Legislative Election Results Dispute (PHPU), petitions are received either from political parties, legislative candidates, or individuals themselves."

"The number will likely increase as individuals are excluded from petitions filed by political parties. According to Constitutional Court Regulation, petitions can be submitted either by a party or an individual," Chief Justice Suhartoyo explained.

For clarification, the quantity of petitions filed to the Constitutional Court may not precisely match the eventual tally of registered cases. This is due to the requisite verification process of each petition by the Court before being registered.  Nonetheless, it remains plausible that every petition submitted to the Constitutional Court will indeed be registered, resulting in an identical count between petitions and registered cases.

Reflecting on the 2019 Presidential Election Dispute (PHPU), there were a total of 262 PHPU petitions. Among these, one petition was for the President and Vice President, filed by the Prabowo Subianto-Sandiaga Salahuddin Uno, while the remaining 261 petitions were for  Members of the House of Representatives (DPR RI), Regional Legislative Council (DPRD), and Regional Executive Board (DPD). In contrast, the number of PHPU petitions in 2024 has reached 265 cases. This includes two PHPU petitions for President and Vice President submitted by candidate pair number 01 Anies Rasyid Baswedan-Muhaimin Iskandar and candidate pair number 03 Ganjar Pranowo-Mahfud MD, along with 253 PHPU petitions for DPR/DPRD members and 10 PHPU petitions for DPD members. The latest list of the 2024 PHPU cases can be accessed here

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For your information, registration for filing PHPU cases for Legislative elections is counted as 3 x 24 hours after the announcement of the stipulation of the recapitulation of the General Election of DPR, DPD, and DPRD members nationally by the General Election Commission (KPU). Regarding the filing of Presidential PHPU petition, it commences from the early morning at 00:01 WIB and must be completed no later than 3 (three) days after the announcement of the results of the General Election of the President and Vice President by the KPU as stipulated in Constitutional Court Regulation Number 5 of 2023 concerning Stages, Activities, and Schedule for Handling Cases on general election dispute of Members of the DPR, DPD, DPRD, and the General Election for the President and Vice President.

After the registration process for the Legislative election results dispute, the Petitioner has the option to submit the correction of the petition (only once) to the Constitutional Court. This correction must be made no later than 3 x 24 hours after the petition is initially submitted to the Constitutional Court. As for the Presidential PHPU, there is no revision of the petition. The Constitutional Court proceeds to hear the Presidential PHPU cases, with a completion time of 14 work days from the moment the petition is recorded in the Electronic Constitutional Case Registration Book (e-BPRK).

Chief Justice Suhartoyo also mentioned that the legal team representing the Presidential PHPU Petitioners in the courtroom comprised only 10 people, with two principal Petitioners. This restriction similarly applies to the Respondent, Related Parties, and the Election Supervisory Body (Bawaslu) or the testifier. Additionally, the number of witnesses permitted to be presented during the hearing is limited to around 15 people, echoing the constraints observed during  PHPU in 2019.


Author : Mimi Kartika
Editor : Nur R.
Translator : Fuad Subhan (RA)

Disclaimer: The original version of the news is in Indonesian. In case of any differences between the English and the Indonesian versions, the Indonesian version will prevail.

Sunday, March 24, 2024 | 17:33 WIB 56