The Constitutional Court is one of the state institutions exercising independent judicial power in administering the judicial system with the aim of enforcing law and justice.
The Constitutional Court has 4 (four) authorities and 1 (one) obligation as set forth in Article 24C paragraph (1) and paragraph (2) of the 1945 Constitution.
The Constitutional Court has the authority to hear cases at the first and final instance, the decision of which shall be final for the following purposes:
- To conduct judicial review of laws against the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia;
- To decide upon disputes related to the authority of state institutions whose authorities are granted by the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia;
- To decide upon the dissolution of political parties; and
- To decide upon disputes related to the results of general elections.
The Constitutional Court shall pass a decision on the opinion of the House of Representatives (DPR) that the President and/or Vice President has/have allegedly:
1. violated the law in the form of:
a. treason against the state;
d. other serious offenses;
2. committed disgraceful acts; and/or
3. no longer qualified as a President and/or the Vice President as stipulated in the 1945 Constitution of the Republic of Indonesia.