Learning The Constitution and Democracy, Teachers Working Group in Grobogan Have A Comparative Study at The Court

Constitutional Justice Akil Mochtar received the visit of 32 educators in the field of Citizenship Education (Civics) incorporated in the Teachers Working Group (MGMP) Grobogan, Friday (11/2/11).

Jakarta, MKOnline - The teachers joined in the Teachers Working Group (MGMP) Grobogan, had the opportunity to learn a lot about the Constitutional Court (The Court). Having been welcomed by Constitutional Justice Akil Mochtar on the 4th floor, Conference Room of the Constitutional Court on Friday (11/02/2011), the 32 educators in the field of Citizenship Education (Civics), was pleased to see this Court closer
Akil Mochtar in his speech explained about the  performance of  the Constitutional Court over the years, especially regarding the existence of the Constitutional Court within the constitutional system of Indonesia. According to him, there were four points behind the establishment of the Court. First, its constitutionalism aspect. "The constitution became the supreme leader of a country, not the President. The head of state is only a symbol, because who govern a country is the constitution, "said Akil. 

The second reason is as checks and balances upon separation of powers of a country. Third, the Court was established to bring clean government. And fourth, to protect human rights. "It is different between human rights and citizens rights. Human Rights is related to humanity, such as the right to life. While the citizens rights is such a right to obtain ID cards, the right to vote and be elected, etc., "said Akil. 

Akil Mochtar was not forget to expose a lot of stories about these four powers of the Constitutional Court and its single obligation. About the authority to decide disputes about the results of Election (PHPU), Akil said about 12 percent of cases submitted was granted by the Court. "Decisions may vary, there is a re-vote in the entire district, or only at certain polling stations, or simply recounting," he said. 

In a question and answer session, Hudiono, one of the teachers asked about the 20 percent budget allocation for education which until now has not been realized. Problems about the National Examination (Unas), which was only regulated by government regulation (PP), instead of the National Education Law, was also questioned. 

Akil answered that 20 percent of budget allocation for education still had to be implemented, although the process took place gradually down to the area. "Budgets is in addition to the results of local revenue (PAD), also from the state budget. Therefore, the education budget should be distributed there, including for the need of free education at elementary level, "he explained. Regarding PP governing Unas, Akil clarified  that the one entitled to review PP was the Supreme Court (MA), and according to him, Government Regulation on had been annulled in MA. "But the Unas matter becomes the government discretion," he said. 

Questions from other teachers was on the costs of direct Election which was massive, Akil responded by giving an idea of local elections that must take place in a democratic manner as set out in Article 18 Paragraph (4) of the 1945 Constitution. "Governors, Regents and Mayors as the respective heads of government of the provinces, regencies and municipalities shall be elected democratically. The word "democratic" can vary in their implementation in every area, not generalized like today. Elections in Papua uses noken system, it can also be considered democratic, did not only have to be interpreted for direct election because the cultures of the people are different, "he said. (Yazid/mh/YDJ).

Monday, February 14, 2011 | 13:48 WIB 176